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Downloading instruction for the audiobook

 This is an instruction for audiobook, English Pronunciation, the American Way. English Pronunciation: The American Way (audiobook) Audiobook details 1. Narrated by John Byrnes, PhD  2. Total 33 files ( ≈ 12 min a file, ≈ 6 hours) 3. Verbatim narration of the e-book of the same title , authored by Nanhee Byrnes, PhD.

How to say "more rice" differently from "more ice"?

Gemination is concerned with pronouncing identical adjacent consonants between word boundaries. In other words, when one word ends with and the next word begins with the same consonant sound, we need a way to signal this. How to pronounce the twin consonants depends on the type of consonants. In fact, for the gemination purpose, consonants can be divided into three groups: continuous consonants, stops and affricates. Continuous consonants link to each other differently from stops and affricates because the air flows continuously with continuous consonants, unlike stops and affricates.  Continuous consonants Continuous consonants are consonants for which air flows continuously through a constricted area of the vocal tract. When pronouncing continuous consonants, the air is never completely blocked by any part of the vocal tract. Continuous consonants include fricatives ( /f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h/), nasals (/m, n, ŋ/), and liquids (/l, r/). We can pronounce these sounds continuously. 

연결해서 말할 때 주의 사항 (한국어판)

연결해서 말하면 무슨 말을 했는지 헷갈릴 때가 있다. my seat과 mice eat 발음 표기상 똑같다: /mɑɪsit/.그럼 어떻게 구별해서 발음 해야 할까? 우선 강조가 다르다 강조 (stress or emphasis) 와 관련되어서 영어 단어들은 의미 단어 (content words) 와 문법 기능 단어 (grammar-function words)로 구분 된다. 의미 단어: 명사 형용사 본동사 부사. 문법 기능 단어: 대명사, 한정사, 조동사, 전치사, 접속사. 의미 단어는 강조되고 문법 기능 단어는 약화되어 소리가 나야 한다. 2. /t/ 음소가 어떤 소리로 났는지를 보고 알 수 있다. /t/ 음소는 여러 개의 소리 (allophones)가 있다: Flap T: 윗 잇몸 뒤를 살짝 치면서 나는 소리. butter, water Aspirated T: 숨을 강하게 내쉬면서 나는 소리. train, trick Held T : 혀가 공기흐름을 막는 소리. 소리 없음. might, height Glottal T /ʔ/: 성대를 막았다가 열면서 나는 소리 Uh-oh. syllabic N (은) 앞에 나올 때 나는 소리button. mountain. 언제 이 allophones 소리가 나는지 알고 있으면 화자가 무슨 말을 했는지 추론 하기가 쉽다.

4-3-1 Gemination with continuous consonants

Catenation after H dropping

In the section on the fricative consonant /h/, we were introduced to the H-dropping phenomenon, which is that H is dropped (not pronounced) from function words in certain situations. Since H is not pronounced, this is an instance of elision. Examples of H-function words are the ‘have’ verb (have, has, had) and pronouns that begin with H (he, his, him, her). The situation that allows the H-dropping is when these words are in the middle of a sentence and unstressed. After the H-dropping, we need to link the preceding consonant to the remaining vowel of the H-words. For example,  Was he sleeping? → Wasi sleeping? Ask her about it → Askerabout it. Look him up → Lookimup. Give her a call → Givera call. These are more examples:  Did he or didn't he? → didi/j/ordidni  Where's his coat? → wherezizcoat Is he busy? → izibusy What's her name? → whatsername  Find her → finder Give her → giver I told him → itoldim
Catenation Catenation happens when a word ends in a consonant sound and the beginning of the next word starts with a vowel sound. In this situation, the consonant is moved to the ensuing vowel and pronounced like one word. These are examples: this afternoon  → thi safternoon  turn off  → tur noff  this orange  → thi (/s/)orange that orange  → tha t(/d/)orange dropoff → dro poff  sleepearly  → slee pearly  wake up  → wa kup not at all  → no t(/d/)a t(/d/)all  still early → stil learly get out of  → ge t(/d/)ou t(/d/)of  weekend off  → weeken doff took off  →too koff  come over → co mover cats and dogs →  cat san dogs

4-2-1. /j/ and /w/ intrusion

Intrusion Intrusion is placing an additional sound between two sounds. A well known case of intrusion is the use of a semivowel /j/ or /w/ to avoid hiatus. Hiatus, which means a gap, happens when we try to pronounce two consecutive vowel sounds clearly. To avoid the gap, we need to use a semivowel between two consecutive vowels. For example, in the phrase "he is," a small /j/ is added between the two vowels: “he/y/is.” This addition allows both vowel sounds to be pronounced fully and separately without pausing between the two words. If we do not add /j/ and continue the sound, it is not clear  whether we are saying “he is” or “his.”  /j/ intrusion We add /j/ sound before another vowel sound if a word ending in a vowel sound makes us move the lips sideways, as is common with high front vowels.  I asked.   I /j/ asked. She always comes on time. She /j/ always comes on time. the end  the /j/ end in the evening in the /j/ evening pay attention pay /j/ attention my office  my /j/

2min4-1-2 five methods of connected speech

연결해서 말하기 다섯 개의 법칙 (Five methods of connected speech)

Connected speech: 4-1-1 Elements of the rhythm of English

Introducing "English Pronunciation: the American Way"

English Pronunciation: the American Way  is available in the formats of e-book and the audio-book. The e-book is available on the Amazon site , and the audio book is available on the Google Classroom site. The Google Classroom site opens automatically once the purchase of the audio book is made. More information on the audio book can found here .     The audio book is the narration of the e-book.  The e-book is written by Nanhee Byrnes PhD, and the audio-book is narrated by John Byrnes PhD.